Latitude: 48° 15' 23" N Longitude: 14° 30' 2" E
Area use / Military Branches: Ehem.KZ-lager
Ehemaliges KZ-lager Mauthausen
Inhaftierten: 195.000 Toten: 110.000
Nie wieder: http://static.panoramio.com/photos/original/30447302.jpg
Following the union with Austria in March 1938 the Austrians started construction of this concentration camp near Linz. The site was designed to resemble an old fortress. Jews and political prisoners from Austria, Holland, Italy, and Hungary were forced into labor at a granite quarry on the site. During the war, thousands of Russian and Polish POWs were also interned at Mauthausen.
Mauthausen held the record for concentration camps (as opposed to extermination camps) for executions and deaths, some 110.000 from January 1939 through April 1945. Many of these died from exhausting labor; others were executed in the gas chamber or shot to death. Estimates for the complete death toll at Mauthausen vary widely by source, as the Austrians destroyed the records in 1945 attempting to hide its past. The U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum estimates the number at over 100,000, including the deaths at the nearby Gusen camps (more inmates died here than actually at Mauthausen main camp), and also all the other outlying sub-camps of the Mauthausen system. Mauthausen was liberated by the US Army 11th Armored Division on 5-6 May 1945.
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