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2.SIGINT Overseas-Cyprus

Last modified: 20 Jun 2020, submitted by: Joker
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Country: United Kingdom    Region: Cyprus

Locale: SE of RAF Akotiri

Latitude: 34° 34' 17" N     Longitude: 33° 0' 16" E

Area use / Military Branches: Active

   
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Deactivated stations:
- Grid 34 56' 25" N 32 54' 6" E Episkopi RAF radar station. Because of reorganisations and defense budget cuts the station closed in 2012
- Grid 3457'50"N 344'49"E Cape Greco. Former NATO ACE HIGH14 network until the late 1980s. Incirlik airbase (Turkey) was linked with Cape Greco via troposcatter. Cape Greco was in turn connected via microwave link to RAF radar at Mt Olympus, providing with live coverage of the airspace. In 1994 the site was blown up and returned to Cyprus.

Currently active stations:
- Grid 35 5'43.N 3353'10"E Until 2010 Ayios Nikolaos SIGnals INTelligence station was operated by British Army and MoD (GCHQ) personnel but as of 2011 the station is being manned by a UK/US joint forces crew. The station is primarily focussed to gather informations from the Middle East and North African area. GCHQ http://www.gchq.gov.uk/about_us/whatwedo.html

- Grid 3437'9"N 33 0'3"E Over the Horizon radar (TX) The RX antennas are in 3 rectangular structures near Ayios Nikolaos.

- Grid 34 41' 12" N 32 50' 52" E Episkopi. Former RAF 112 Sq (Bloodhound missiles), deactivated 1972 and converted into Over The Horizon (OTH) radar. According to declassified US DARPA data, equipped with 'Cobra Mist' radar AN-FPS95. The whereabouts of the site also involved radar, radio and other electronic systems to intercept both Russian and Middle Eastern signals. The site was manned by a Joint Service Signal Unit (JSSU)and much of the intercepted encrypted traffic was sent back by microwave link to GCHQ. During the major outbreak of fighting on Cyprus in 1974 heavy military protection had to be given to all radar installations in the Trodos mountains. The installation reroled again as a SIGINT facility and since 2002 is locally known as Joint Intel Center (JIC) with a mixed British and US forces crew.

Historical 112 Sq http://www.bloodhoundmkii.org.uk/112s.htm

- Grid 34 56' 15" N 32 51' 48" E Former RAF Station Troodos. Actually a remote signals station also containing Mount Olympus Radar Station.

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