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Last modified: 15 Jul 2022, submitted by: Joker
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Country: United States    Region: NUCLEAR DETERRENCE

Latitude: 43° 0' 0" N     Longitude: 70° 0' 0" E

Area use / Military Branches: NUCLEAR DETERRENCE

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Americaís nuclear triad is based on a compilation of platforms and weapons on land, at sea and in the air. These three legs of the triad are the backbone of Americaís national security. The triad and its assigned forces provide 24/7 deterrence to prevent catastrophic actions from adversaries. If necessary they may deliver a decisive response, anywhere and at any time.



On land up to 400 Minuteman III intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMís) in underground silos across 5 states make up this leg of the nuclear triad. The ICBM force has remained on continuous, around-the-clock alert since 1959 Ė more than 40 years longer than intended - and have to be modernized to remain effective. The replacement program of the current missiles and 450 launch facilities will be effective by 2030.


At sea 14 Ohio class ballistic missile submarines (SSBNís) are almost undetectable platforms for submarine-launched ballistic missiles. Three of them are on constant patrol with enough firepower to react and retaliate. Each SSBN carries 20 Trident II D5 missiles with multiple warheads. The Ohio class submarines are being replaced by the Columbia class in the 2030ís.


In the air the bomber force is the most flexible leg of the triad, capable of providing worldwide small or massive (non) nuclear firepower in a short time. The bomber force is consisting of 46 B-52H Stratofortress and 20 B-2A Spirit stealth bombers; all nuclear capable. The B-52ís are slated to be in service until 2040 and are not being replaced. The B-2ís however are being replaced by the B-21 Raider starting 2025.

A safe, secure and effective nuclear arsenal requires modern systems capable of operating against 21st century threats. Russia and China also have spent the last two decades rapidly modernizing their nuclear deterrent systems, including investing in new missiles, aircraft and submarines...

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